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Common Land Titles In Thailand

Land Titles

Before making any large purchase it is important to make sure you know what you are purchasing. A title search is highly recommended before purchasing any kind of real property whether it is a piece of land or a condominium.

A title search is done to determine whether the person selling you the property is the true owner of the property and free to sell it to you. It also will determine if there are any registered encumbrances on the property such as a loan, lien or a mortgage.

A title search traces title to the land back to the original property holder. In Thailand all land originally belonged to the king, then Thailand began issuing deeds to private real estate when the Department of Land was established in 1901.

Over the years, numerous land reform initiatives have resulted in some confusion over who owns what. A wide variety of official documents are used to show land ownership, some of which do not allow for the sale or lease of the land.

The Por Tor Bor 5, Bai Jong (NS-2), and Sor Kor 1 (SK-1)
Used to establish a claim to land. Land whose ownership is only evidenced by one of theses documents cannot be leased or sold, but as the claim matures, the Land Department may eventually grant a real title to land based on these claim certificates.  A higher class of documents is used for land claims that have been at least partially confirmed by the Land Department. These include:

The Nor Sor Sam (NS-3), Nor Sor Sam Gor (NS-3K), and Chanote (NS-4)
Land parcels represented by these title documents can be mortgaged, leased, and sold. The deed with the highest credibility is the Chanote.

Occasionally the Land Department revokes a title. This happens when the Land Department discovers the original land claim the title is based on was fraudulent or unlawfully claimed government land. These errors may persist for decades before they are discovered and the title is revoked. Although the errors are usually not the fault of the present landowner, the landowner does not receive compensation when their title is revoked. So a title search is very important.

Or Chor 2 - Condominium Title
Buying a condominium is the easiest way for a foreigner to buy real property in Thailand. The Or Chor 2, or Condominium Title, establishes condominium ownership. The Or Chor 2, lists the location and deed number of the plot of land the condominium is built on. The title also includes a sketch of the condo unit, its dimensions and area, and identifying information such as the unit name, number, floor, and building. Finally, the title lists the ownership ratio of common property.

Unlike land titles, the Condominium Title shows ownership of a condo unit, not a parcel of land. The land the condo development is built on has its own separate title. Condominium titles are originally issued in the name of the property developer.

Once we complete your title search, we will provide you with a full report and a copy of the title deed in English or other languages, along with the original Thai. The title search report will give the specific description of the land or property that you are purchasing, specific dimensions of the land, verifying the type of title deed, and verifying the title’s history for all previous and current owners.

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